Landflucht, intensive Kulturen, ausländische Arbeiter in der pommerschen Landwirtschaft vor 1914
This paper concerns with the impact of the intensification exerting on the worker issue after the corn crisis in Eastelbien. It examines the connection between the spread of the intensive culture and the migration of the agricultural workers in Pomerania, one of the Prussian provinces mostly dominated by large estates before 1914. This change of structure takes more issues, particularly regarding the Hungarian comparings. On the one hand in such a geographical enviroment what chances did the holdings have to the renovating of farming? On the other hand referring to the agricultural workers how realistic were the hopes attaching to the climbing „the social ladder”? Here it has to be taken into account that Pomerania had arrived in the bourgeois era with significant starting disadvantages determinated by the antecendents. The peasants went also wrong with the abolition of serfdom having coincided with an agrarian crises. Later in the times of the unity state the province having no raw materials, disposing low population density has also marginalized. Therefore it could hardly get involved in the economic circulation and the industrialization of the country. Next to East Prussia the most of people wandered away from here. The main reason was that the spread of the intensive cultures in the 1890s had coincided with the diminution of the fertility, what implicated in increasing level the employing of foreigner workers.
- Fritz János