Interpretation of Hemingway in Psychoses: a New Method to Study Social Cognition
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Schizophrenia, a severe and disabling brain disorder, is affecting 0,85% (0,4–1,4%) of the general population. It is frequently a life-long and deteriorating disorder. Schizophrenia begins in early adulthood, and the disorder usually disrupts the way of life. Beside the clinical symptoms of schizophrenia social dysfunction is the trademark of schizophrenia and a major burden on the individual and on their families. While a great body of literature deals with the deficits of social functioning in schizophrenia, still only a few, if any, assessment tools can detect the deficits accurately in spite of the certainty of the presence of the diversified impairments. Although antipsychotics brought a breakthrough in the treatment of schizophrenia, a significant amount of evidence confirmed that best results can be achieved with the combination of drug treatment and psychosocial interventions. Implementing evidence-based psychosocial interventions to everyday clinical practice, however, is rather slow usually due to lack of different types of resources (Drake et al., 2009). These facts emphasize the necessity of new ways in research approaches promising easily implementable opportunities to measure and treat social impairments.